Temple from Templum is the same word as the Greek temenos, from temnw to cut off, means to separate some special place from the rest of the land. Usually religion rites were held outside the temple in front of the temple at an altar. With a few exceptions (for example temple to Apollo on Delos) most temples face east as the priests faced the direction of the rising sun when making offerings to the gods.
Tenth metope from the south façade of the Parthenon, The temple was built to glorify Athens (led by Pericles) and the goddess Athena, between 447 and 432 BC. Its Doric frieze portrays mythological combats designed to vaunt Athenian superiority over the Persians. This metope illustrates the Centauromachy, a battle between the centaurs and the Lapiths (a people from the region of Thessalia); a Lapith woman is being abducted.. | Louvre Museum | Paris
Metope. This is a rectangular architectural element that fills the space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze. They may be carved from a single block with the triglyphs or inserted into slots between. This is one of the 92 metopes of the Parthenon marbles and depicts the battle between the Centaurs and the Lapiths.