Bath, England The Circus triglyphs

The Circus - Bath, England / / John Wood, the Elder

Metopes and triglyphs of the Hephaistion in the Athenian Agora

Metopes and triglyphs of the Hephaistion in the Athenian Agora

Greek: Doric peplos, indicated by single overfold above the waist; single fastening at both shoulders by a fibula.

Greek: Doric peplos, indicated by single overfold above the waist; single fastening at both shoulders by a fibula.

The Parthenon: Metopes Battle of the Lapiths and Centaurs, Parthenon Metopes, south flank, marble, c. 440 B.C.E. (British Museum, London)

South metope XXX, the South Metopes of the Parthenon depicting the battle between Centaurs and Lapiths at the marriage-feast of Peirithoos, around BC, the Parthenon sculptures, British Museum

Temple from Templum is the same word as the Greek temenos, from temnw to cut off, means to separate some special place from the rest of the land. Usually religion rites were held outside the temple in front of the temple at an altar. With a few exceptions (for example temple to Apollo on Delos) most temples face east as the priests faced the direction of the rising sun when making offerings to the gods.

Ancient Greek Architecture : Temples and the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian Orders

Metope. This is a rectangular architectural element that fills the space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze. They may be carved from a single block with the triglyphs or inserted into slots between. This is one of the 92 metopes of the Parthenon marbles and depicts the battle between the Centaurs and the Lapiths.

Lapith fighting a centaur from South Metope 31 of the Parthenon, about BC. Currently in the British Museum.

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