US Navy in World War II

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US Navy in WWII

Sarah Sundin
US Navy Grumman F4F-3/3A Wildcats from aircraft carrier USS Yorktown, 1941 (US Navy National Museum of Naval Aviation)

Today in World War II History—December 4, 1940 & 1945

US Navy Grumman F4F-3/3A Wildcats from aircraft carrier USS Yorktown, 1941 (US Navy National Museum of Naval Aviation)

Pres. Harry Truman aboard USS Renshaw during Navy Day Fleet Review, New York City, 27 Oct 1945; note USS Missouri’s superstructure in background and US Navy aircraft in formation above (US Navy photo: K-15861)

Today in World War II History—Oct. 27, 1940 & 1945

80 Years Ago—Oct. 27, 1940: Italy demands Greece allow Italian occupation or go to war; Greece rejects the ultimatum. 75 Years Ago—Oct. 27, 1945: Navy Day: US Navy displays ships in American ports, President Truman reviews fleet aboard USS Missouri in Hudson River, and Midway-class carrier USS Franklin D. Roosevelt is commissioned at the New York Navy Yard. New song in Top Ten: "It's Been a Long, Long Time."

Poster for US Navy Day, Oct. 27, 1945

Today in World War II History—Oct. 27, 1940 & 1945

80 Years Ago—Oct. 27, 1940: Italy demands Greece allow Italian occupation or go to war; Greece rejects the ultimatum. 75 Years Ago—Oct. 27, 1945: Navy Day: US Navy displays ships in American ports, President Truman reviews fleet aboard USS Missouri in Hudson River, and Midway-class carrier USS Franklin D. Roosevelt is commissioned at the New York Navy Yard. New song in Top Ten: "It's Been a Long, Long Time."

Battleship USS Texas decked out for Navy Day, 27 October 1940 (US National Archives: 80-G-464121)

Today in World War II History—Oct. 27, 1940 & 1945

80 Years Ago—Oct. 27, 1940: Italy demands Greece allow Italian occupation or go to war; Greece rejects the ultimatum. 75 Years Ago—Oct. 27, 1945: Navy Day: US Navy displays ships in American ports, President Truman reviews fleet aboard USS Missouri in Hudson River, and Midway-class carrier USS Franklin D. Roosevelt is commissioned at the New York Navy Yard. New song in Top Ten: "It's Been a Long, Long Time."

Vice Adm. John S. McCain, Sr. with his son Cdr. John S. McCain, Jr. together for the last time in Tokyo Bay at the surrender ceremony, 2 Sep 1945 (US Naval History & Heritage Command: NH 92607)

Today in World War II History—Sept. 6, 1940 & 1945

80 Years Ago—Sept. 6, 1940: King Carol II of Romania is forced by fascists to abdicate his throne to his eighteen-year-old son, Michael, and he flees the next day. German Adm. Erich Raeder permits greater warfare on Allied convoys, scrapping previous restrictions, but still honoring the Pan-American Neutrality Zone. 75 Years Ago—Sept. 6, 1945: At Rabaul, Japanese surrender to Australians all forces in Australian territory, 139,000 men in the Bismarcks, Solomons, and New Guinea. Vice Adm…

Bofors 40-mm antiaircraft guns firing on board carrier USS Hornet, 16 Feb 1945 (US Navy photo: 80-G-413915)

Today in World War II History—Aug. 28, 1940 & 1945

80 Years Ago—Aug. 28, 1940: Luftwaffe makes first night bombing raid over Britain. RAF bombs Berlin, killing ten, the first Germans killed by bombing in Berlin. US Army Transport American Legion arrives in New York carrying Crown Princess Martha of Norway and a Swedish Bofors 40-mm naval antiaircraft gun to be considered by the US Navy. 75 Years Ago—Aug. 28, 1945: First US troops arrive in Japan: 24 US C-47 cargo planes land unopposed at Atsugi Field outside Tokyo with 150 Allied troops to…

Members of USS Barb’s demolition squad, Pearl Harbor, August 1945. These men went ashore at Karafuto, Japan, and planted an explosive charge that wrecked a train. This raid is represented by the train symbol in the middle bottom of the battle flag. (US Navy photo: NH 103570)

Today in World War II History—July 23, 1940 & 1945

80 Years Ago—July 23, 1940: British Home Guard is officially established (formerly Local Defence Volunteers) with 1.3 million civilian volunteers to protect the home front. 75 Years Ago—July 23, 1945: Marshal Philippe Pétain goes on trial in Paris for collaborating with the Nazis; his death sentence will be commuted due to his age. Submarine USS Barb lands 8 raiders on Karafuto (between Japan & mainland Asia), who blow up a train and escape.

Strike photo taken by USS Hancock aircraft showing an attack on the Yokosuka Navy Yard, Tokyo Bay, Japan, 18 Jul 1945 (US National Museum of Naval Aviation)

Today in World War II History—July 18, 1940 & 1945

80 Years Ago—July 18, 1940: Royal Air Force sinks German invasion barges in Rotterdam, Holland and St. Omer, France. At Democratic convention in Chicago, Franklin Roosevelt is nominated for third term as president with vice presidential candidate Henry A. Wallace. 75 Years Ago—July 18, 1945: US Third Fleet carrier aircraft sink Japan's last big battleship, the Nagato, at Yokosuka naval base near Tokyo. At Bedford Naval Magazine in Nova Scotia, explosions occur for 24 hours, but only one…

Battleship USS Indiana, battleship USS Massachusetts, and cruiser USS Quincy bombarding Kamaishi, Japan, 14 Jul 1945 (US National Archives: 80-G-K-6035)

Today in World War II History—July 14, 1940 & 1945

80 Years Ago—July 14, 1940: BBC broadcasts its first live coverage of the Battle of Britain, with reporter Charles Gardner. 75 Years Ago—July 14, 1945: French celebrate first Bastille Day since 1939. US Third Fleet warships fire directly on Japan for the first time; first shot fired by battleship USS South Dakota. US Task Force 38 carrier aircraft fly 1381 sorties to Hokkaido and northern Honshu, sinking 34 ships, including 7 train ferries, severing transportation between the two islands…

F6F Hellcats launching over the stern of carrier USS Hornet as the carrier steamed in reverse at 18.5 knots, avoiding the typhoon damage to the leading edge of the flight deck, 6 Jun 1945 (US Navy photo)

Today in World War II History—June 6, 1940 & 1945

75 Years Ago—June 6, 1940: British ban production of many household goods and ban radio ownership by Germans and Austrians. 70 Years Ago—June 6, 1945: Japanese forces in southern China retreat to Kweilin.

Battleship USS Indiana in a typhoon near Okinawa, 5 Jun 1945 (US National Archives: 80-G-342732)

Today in World War II History—June 5, 1940 & 1945

75 Years Ago—June 5, 1940: Battle of France begins: Germans launch offensive south in France. Britain announces new emergency measures: strikes banned, holidays discouraged, miners and farmers not to leave jobs without government permission. 70 Years Ago—June 5, 1945: Allied Control Council meets, agreeing on the partition of Germany and Berlin into four occupation zones (British, US, French, Soviet). Huge typhoon hits US Third Fleet off Okinawa, damaging 35 ships.

US Navy TG 38.3 off Okinawa, May 1945. US Navy Curtiss SB2C-4 Helldiver dive bombers from carrier USS Essex. Background: battleship USS Washington, an Essex-class carrier, and an Independence-class light carrier (US Navy photo 1996.253.360)

Today in World War II History—June 2, 1940 & 1945

75 Years Ago—June 2, 1940: US steamship President Roosevelt departs Galway, Ireland with 720 US citizens; US passenger liner Manhattan departs Genoa, Italy with 1905 US citizens. 70 Years Ago—June 2, 1945: US Naval Task Force 38 attacks kamikaze bases in southern Japan, forcing operations further north in Japan.

Church service on carrier Franklin's ruined hangar deck, in or near New York Harbor, New York, United States, circa 28 Apr 1945 | World War II Database (US National Archives: 80-G-K-5056)

[Photo] Church service on carrier Franklin's ruined hangar deck, in or near New York Harbor, New York, United States, circa 28 Apr 1945

[Photo] Church service on carrier Franklin's ruined hangar deck, in or near New York Harbor, New York, United States, circa 28 Apr 1945 | World War II Database

TBM Avenger torpedo planes of Composite Squadron 84 from USS Makin Island flying over Ie Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, 16 Apr 1945 (US Naval History & Heritage Command: NH 69420)

Today in World War II History—April 16, 1945

Apr. 16, 1945: Gen. Carl Spaatz of the US Strategic Air Forces in Europe declares the strategic air war is over—only tactical targets remain. Soviets cross Oder river and launch offensive on Berlin.

Japanese special attack Zero fighter crashing into battleship USS Missouri, off Okinawa, Japan, 11 April 1945 | World War II Database (US Naval History & Heritage Command: NH 62696)

[Photo] Japanese special attack Zero fighter crashing into USS Missouri, off Okinawa, Japan, 11 April 1945

[Photo] Japanese special attack Zero fighter crashing into USS Missouri, off Okinawa, Japan, 11 April 1945 | World War II Database

Battleship Yamato under aerial attack by US Navy Task Force 58 aircraft in the East China Sea, 7 Apr 1945 (US National Archives)

Today in World War II History—April 7, 1940 & 1945

80 Years Ago—April 7, 1940: Booker T. Washington becomes first African-American man to appear on a US postage stamp. 75 Years Ago—Apr. 7, 1945: The world's largest battleship, Japan's Yamato, on a suicide mission, is sunk by US Navy Task Force 58 planes off Okinawa (3055 killed). US Third Army finds Nazi art and gold stash in salt mine in Merkers worth $500 million. P-51 Mustang fighter planes based on Iwo Jima escort B-29 Superfortress bombers over Japan for the first time.