Piotr Nowak
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The Carthaginian Wars 265-146 BC • Tribune • Signifer • Legate or consul

The Carthaginian Wars 265-146 BC • Tribune • Signifer • Legate or consul

Typical equipment of the Roman legionnaire.  Only Roman citizens could sign up for the army.  They had to be fit.  They were not allowed to marry.  Their armor gave them excellent protection.  They carried a curved shield.  They could punch the enemy with the metal boss in the center.

Typical equipment of the Roman legionnaire. Only Roman citizens could sign up for the army. They had to be fit. They were not allowed to marry. Their armor gave them excellent protection. They carried a curved shield. They could punch the enemy with the metal boss in the center.

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Roman Legion                                                                                                                                                                                 More

Roman Legion More

"Caesar at Munda" by Peter Dennis. The Battle of Munda took place on March 17, 45 BC on the plains of Munda, modern southern Spain. This was the last battle of Julius Caesar's civil war against the republican armies of the Optimate leaders and the bloodiest and most vicious battle of Caesar's life. After this victory, and the deaths of Titus Labienus and Gnaeus Pompeius (Pompey's oldest son), Caesar was free to return to Rome and govern as dictator.

"Caesar at Munda" by Peter Dennis. The Battle of Munda took place on March 17, 45 BC on the plains of Munda, modern southern Spain. This was the last battle of Julius Caesar's civil war against the republican armies of the Optimate leaders and the bloodiest and most vicious battle of Caesar's life. After this victory, and the deaths of Titus Labienus and Gnaeus Pompeius (Pompey's oldest son), Caesar was free to return to Rome and govern as dictator.

COMPOSITION AND HIERARCHY, THE ROMAN LEGION

COMPOSITION AND HIERARCHY, THE ROMAN LEGION

Roman Pilum: This was a workhorse of the infantry, each soldier carried two. The soft iron of the shank would cause it to bend after impact, thus rendering the weapon useless to the enemy. More importantly, if the pilum struck the shield of an enemy it would embed itself into the shield's fabric, and this along with the bending of the shank would cause the shield to become unwieldy, forcing the enemy to discard it or waste time trying to pull it out.

Roman Pilum: This was a workhorse of the infantry, each soldier carried two. The soft iron of the shank would cause it to bend after impact, thus rendering the weapon useless to the enemy. More importantly, if the pilum struck the shield of an enemy it would embed itself into the shield's fabric, and this along with the bending of the shank would cause the shield to become unwieldy, forcing the enemy to discard it or waste time trying to pull it out.

Egyptian warriors.

Egyptian warriors.

Hannibal with some Carthaginian warriors

Hannibal with some Carthaginian warriors