Women in science, especially those wronged or not given the credit due for excellent work.
Top female math scholar tells her story of achievement On Tuesday, Mirzakhani became the first woman to be awarded a Fields Medal, the most prestigious award in mathematics — a recognition for her work on dynamical systems that change over time and geometric problems, such as understanding curved surfaces and doughnuts. The Fields Medal is like the Nobel Prize, except perhaps even more competitive, since it is awarded once every four years and limited to researchers under the age of 40.
Antonia Maury (via Wikipedia) - Astronomer who studied under Maria Mitchell at Vassar College and later worked as one of the "Harvard Computers" analyzing astronomical data. She published a catalogue of stellar spectra in 1897 that was later used to help identify giant and dwarf stars. She did a spectroscopic analysis of Beta Lyrae, a binary star, in 1933 and was awarded the Annie Jump Cannon Award in 1943.
Dr. Ruby Hirose, who researched serums and antitoxins and was among 10 women recognized for her contributions to chemistry by the American Chemical Society. A hay fever sufferer, she also studied pollen and allergans, and made “major contributions” towards the development of vaccines for infant paralysis
Ida Noddack was the first person to hypothesize that when an atom's nucleus is bombarded with neutrons "it is conceivable that the nucleus breaks up into several large fragments, which would of course be isotopes of known elements but would not be neighbors of the irradiated element." In other words: nuclear fission.
All the women who've won a Nobel Price in Science. Marie Curie (1903 & 1911), Irene Joliot-Curie (1935), Gerty Radnitz Cori (1947), Maria Goeppert Mayer (1963), Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1964), Rosalyn Sussman Yalow (1977), Barbara McClintock (1983), Rita Levi-Montalcini (1986), Gertrude Elion (1988), Christiane Nusslein-Volhard (1995), Linda B. Buck (2004), Francoise Barre-Sinoussi (2008), Elizabeth H. Blackburn (2009), Carol W. Greider (2009) and Ada Yonath (2009)
Joyce Jacobson Kaufman (b. 1929) was a chemist who introduced the concept of “conformational topology.” She studied as a special student at Johns Hopkins University, which did not normally admit women until 1970. She won numerous awards and honors. | 34 American Lady Scientists Who Changed The World
Emmy Noether's theorem united two pillars of physics: symmetry in nature and the universal laws of conservation. Some consider Noether’s theorem, as it is now called, as important as Einstein’s theory of relativity; it undergirds much of today’s vanguard research in physics, including the hunt for the almighty Higgs boson.
Nettie Stevens (1861 – 1912). Biologist. Scientist at Bryn Mawr College. Discovered that the X and Y chromosome were responsible for determining the sex of individuals. At the time, the chromosomal theory of inheritance was not yet accepted, and it was commonly believed that gender was determined by the mother and/or environmental factors. Most scientists did not embrace Stevens's theory immediately.
Hertha Ayrton studied mathematics at the Cambridge Uni but was not eligible for a degree because of her gender. In 1885 she married physicist William Ayrton & assisted in his experiments on electricity. Her own work on arc lamps was used to improve aircraft searchlights in both world wars. She was the first woman to join the British Institute of Electrical Engineers. She was also the first woman to read a paper in person to the Royal Society, but was refused a fellowship because she was married.