Edouard-Marcel Sandoz -(1881-1971) was born in Basel, Switzerland. His father, Edward, founded the Sandoz Pharmaceutical Company (now Novartis). The career Sandoz fashioned from his many interests encompassed painter-decorator, engineer, physicist, chemist (researching dyes and their applications), inventor (the invention of the black light has been attributed to Sandoz. “Art must include love, nature, and science,” Sandoz wrote (the translation is mine). .