Silk velvet woven with metal threads, ca. 1450 to ca. 1500. Silk velvets were the most luxurious textiles of the late medieval period. While plain velvet had been woven in Italy from the 13th century onwards, it was not until the 14th century that patterned velvets were manufactured. At first, they had simple patterns - stripes or checks. By 1376, however, gold-flowered velvets had appeared, and the weavers of Lucca had started producing velvet in three colours.