The race for the structure of DNA and the infuriating Rosalind Franklin.
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Renowned x-ray crystallographer Rosalind Franklin. Without her knowledge or permission, Franklin's colleague Maurice Wilkins showed Photo 51 to Watson and Crick shortly before they introduced the world to DNA's double-helix structure in 1953. This photo led directly to Watson and Crick's discovery, and today Franklin is often credited as a co-discoverer of DNA's structure.
Watson & Crick with DNA model
Discoverers of the structure of DNA James Watson (b 1928) & Francis Crick (b 1916) with their model of part of a DNA molecule in 1953. Crick & Watson met at the Cavendish Laboratory in 1951. Their work integrated Chargaff's ratios of the bases in DNA & access to X-ray crystallography of Maurice Wilkins & Rosalind Franklin (King's College London). This led to the deduction that DNA exists as a double helix. Crick, Watson & Wilkins shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology. Franklin died in 1958
DNA and Social Responsibility: Cataloguing the personal papers of Maurice Wilkins (1916-2004)
Raymond Gosling is relatively well known in the DNA story because of his collaboration with Rosalind Franklin on the X-ray crystallography of DNA. However, Gosling's role in the DNA story pre-dated Franklin's arrival at the lab and it is this work in collaboration with Maurice Wilkins which was also of great importance to the discovery of the double helix.
This Day in History: Jul 25, 1920: Rosalind Franklin, famous for X-ray diffraction images of DNA, is born
Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins (1956) by DNA and Social Responsibility, via Flickr - This Day in History: Jul 25, 1920: Rosalind Franklin, famous for X-ray diffraction images of DNA, is born
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When James Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins received the Nobel Prize for discovering the shape of our genetic material -- the double-helix model of DNA -- the stage was lacking one woman: Rosalind Franklin, a colleague of Wilkins at King's College, who died prematurely and in obscurity a few years earlier.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1962
50 years ago, Maurice Wilkins, along with Francis Crick and James Watson, were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material".