Martina Mandera

Martina Mandera

Martina Mandera
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Goddess Hel

Goddess Hel

Falcon

Falcon

Icelandic magical staves (sigils) are symbols credited with magical effect preserved in various grimoires dating from the 17th century and later. According to the Museum of Icelandic Sorcery and Witchcraft, the effects credited to most of the staves were very relevant to the average Icelanders of the time, who were mostly substitence farmers and had to deal with harsh climatic conditions.

Icelandic magical staves (sigils) are symbols credited with magical effect preserved in various grimoires dating from the century and later. According to the Museum of Icelandic Sorcery and Witchcraft, the effects credited to most of the staves.

A boat burial from Kaupang, Norway, early tenth century. Illustration by Þórhallur Þráinsson, © Neil Price

A boat burial from Kaupang, Norway, early tenth century. Illustration by Þórhallur Þráinsson, © Neil Price. The description of the contents is wonderfully haunting.