World War I
Events, people, photos from WWI
Pvt. Henry Gunther was killed at 10:59 a.m. on November 11, 1918 in an inexplicable charge against a German machine gun battery. His fellow troops - and even the enemy - tried to stop his charge. Instead he was shot and killed one minute before the armistice that ended World War I went into effect. Pvt. Gunther was the last soldier killed in action during the Great War.
Helen Fairchild nursed thousands of wounded soldiers during her 5 year career. What made her noteworthy were her letters home, detailing her experiences as a combat nurse. She was born in Pennsylvania and graduated as a nurse from Pennsylvania Hospital in 1913. A few years later in 1917, WWI began and Fairchild joined the American Expeditionary Force. She was sent to a location in Passchendaele, France along with 63 other nurses, where she cared for 2,000 wounded soldiers while under fire.
Soldiers sacrifice their mental health at war. Seeing all of the gruesome gore, witnessing mass deaths and being involved in stressful situations often leaves a soldier with post-traumatic stress disorder. When a soldier returns home they often cannot go back to their lives like everything is perfectly fine. They have to alter their life because of the war. War can cause men to suffer.
The face of War The Great War: World War I, 1914-1918: Europe was transformed into a giant black hole of a battlefield where the ability of the military technology to destroy far exceeded that of medical science to repair. The result was total carnage, even amongst the living soldiers. The damage done to the human body by these new war machines was unimaginable.
Gen Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (1865 - 1937) was the effective leader of the German Imperial Army during WW1 beginning in 1916. After the war, he developed the legend of the "stab in the back" to explain the German defeat and became a prominent nationalist leader. In 1923, he sided with Adolf Hitler in the abortive Munich Beer Hall Putsch. He also developed the theory of "Total War" later embraced by Nazi Germany.