Was it genocide? Russia disputes the assertion of genocide, and not all Ukrainian voices disagree with Russia, e.g., recently deposed pro-Russian President Yanukovych denies genocide was Stalin's objective. Genocide targets an ethnicity for purposeful extermination. Did Stalin have genocide in mind? And how many perished as result of the famine? Low estimate is 2,000,000; high est. = about 8,000,000.