The Lumbee are the present-day descendants of the Cheraw Tribe & have continuously existed in & around Robeson County since the early part of the 18th century. In 1885, the tribe was recognized as Indian by the State of North Carolina. The tribe has sought full federal recognition from the U.S. Government since 1888. In 1956, Congress passed the Lumbee Act, which recognized the tribe as Indian. However, the Act withheld the full benefits of federal recognition from the tribe.