Endoskopia zwierząt

Jest o endoskopii zwierząt domowych
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Surgical technique for the removal of bladder stone in 1828  Although the operation itself lasted only a matter of minutes, lithotomic procedures were painful, dangerous and humiliating. The patient—naked from the waist down—was bound in such a way as to ensure an unobstructed view of his genitals and anus.  Afterwards, the surgeon passed a curved, metal tube up the patient’s penis and into the bladder. He then slid a finger into the man’s rectum, feeling for the stone

The manacles above are from the mid 1800 s. They are known as a lithotomy crutch. Cutting into the bladder through the perineum was a frightening prospec

Surgical technique for the removal of bladder stone in 1828  Although the operation itself lasted only a matter of minutes, lithotomic procedures were painful, dangerous and humiliating. The patient—naked from the waist down—was bound in such a way as to ensure an unobstructed view of his genitals and anus.  Afterwards, the surgeon passed a curved, metal tube up the patient’s penis and into the bladder. He then slid a finger into the man’s rectum, feeling for the stone

The manacles above are from the mid 1800 s. They are known as a lithotomy crutch. Cutting into the bladder through the perineum was a frightening prospec

Fig. 134. Illuminatiion of the bladder…  [Howard Atwood Kelly:  https://pinterest.com/pin/287386019946528514].

Fig. 134. Illuminatiion of the bladder… [Howard Atwood Kelly: https://pinterest.com/pin/287386019946528514].

Fig. 134. Illuminatiion of the bladder…  [Howard Atwood Kelly:  https://pinterest.com/pin/287386019946528514].

Fig. 134. Illuminatiion of the bladder… [Howard Atwood Kelly: https://pinterest.com/pin/287386019946528514].

Fig. 134. Illuminatiion of the bladder…  [Howard Atwood Kelly:  https://pinterest.com/pin/287386019946528514].

Fig. 134. Illuminatiion of the bladder… [Howard Atwood Kelly: https://pinterest.com/pin/287386019946528514].

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