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Certamen equestre caeteraque solemnia Holmiae Suecorum, a.o MDCLXXII mense decbr celebrata cum Carolus XI omnium cum applausu aviti regni regimen capesseret : [estampe] / [auctore David Klöcker von Ehrenstrahl] ; G. C. Eimmart, sculps : Norib. | Gallica

Certamen equestre caeteraque solemnia Holmiae Suecorum, a.o MDCLXXII mense decbr celebrata cum Carolus XI omnium cum applausu aviti regni regimen capesseret : [estampe] / [auctore David Klöcker von Ehrenstrahl] ;

Polish magnates 1697-1795

Guilds and lawyers gained much importance and power. Middle-class families enjoyed many luxuries. Journeymen and laborers lived in crowded quarters on the edge of poverty.

Polish Hussars | Tumblr

Polish Hussars: set of “Pan Wołodyjowski” (“Colonel Wolodyjowski”), 1969 Polish historical drama set in the Poland [source: Fototeka Filmoteki Narodowej].

Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland. Knowing that the French would take advantage of his absence, he still refused to leave Vienna to the Ottomans, instead bringing his army to the city's defense. Because of his actions, Europe was saved.

Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland. Knowing that the French would take advantage of his absence, he still refused to leave Vienna to the Ottomans, instead bringing his army to the city's defense. Because of his actions, Europe was saved.