Black Bart, Outlaw Charles E. Bolton, aka: Black Bart, Charles E. Boles, T.Z. Spalding (1830-1917?) - Best known as Black Bart. This Old West Outlaw was noted for his poetic messages left after his robberies. He was a gentleman bandit, and one of the most notorious stagecoach robbers to operate in and around Northern California and southern Oregon during the 1870s and 1880s.