Barbara Rumbinas

Barbara Rumbinas

Barbara Rumbinas
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And here is a map of what the Rus and other Slavs were doing in the 11th to 12th centuries C.E. Notice the white region inhabited by the Livonians, Latgallians, Selonians, Couronians, Lithuanians, Semigallians and Samigotians.That corresponds to present-day Latvia and Lithuania. They weren't Norse/Vikings and they weren't Slavic/Rus; The Balts (and the Finnic Livonians living alongside them) were their own peoples with their material cultures that show clearly in the archaeological record.

Kievan decline began in the century, rival princes established competing governments, while the royal family quarreled over the succession. There were Asian invaders who seized territory as trade diminished.