Inside a wooden barrack in Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp. Liberated female prisoners. The image comes from the film documentation made by Soviet army.

Auschwitz officially named as 'German'

In 2007 UNESCO officially renamed the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland to make clear it was established and run by occupying German Nazi forces. The camp is known as "Auschwitz-Birkenau. German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp

Auschwitz II-Birkenau. Construction of crematorium and gas chamber IV. The part of the building with two chimneys visible in the foreground is the crematorium part.

Construction of crematorium and gas chamber IV. The part of the building with two chimneys visible in the foreground is the crematorium part.

Auschwitz II-Birkenau 1944. Hungarian Jewish women selected as able bodied at the BIIc sector of the camp. B&W original and colour interpretation by https://twitter.com/ColoredHistory

Auschwitz Memorial on

hungarian jewish women selected as able bodied . the colour photo makes it feel so 'real' .

Former commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp, Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Höß (1900-1947) during his detention after the war. He was hanged for his many crimes but not before he had time to write a detailed report of his "career" as the man in charge of the biggest organized and administered atrocity in modern history.

Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Höss ) November – 16 April was an SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel), and from 4 May 1940 to November 1943 was the commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp

In spring 1944 Germans decided to build a rail line directly into the Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp to. They were getting ready to the biggest mass killing operation in Auschwitz - liquidation of Hungarian Jews. This picture shows the building process of the unloading ramp in Birkenau.

Birkenau, Poland, The entrance gate to the death camp being built

Portraits of some child inmates of Auschwitz... In this picture you have three Polish and one Russian child. All of them have red triangles - political prisoners. The names (from the top): Wacław Bobrowski (survived), Czesława Kwoka (died in the camp), Ivan Rebalka (died in the camp), Krystyna Trześniewska (died in the camp)

Child prisoners of Auschwitz concentration camp. None of them survived. Note the teary eyed child. :( This hangs on the wall at Auschwitz museum. *All children under the age of 15 were sent immediately to the 'showers', after getting off the trains.

Auschwitz II-Birkenau in summer of 1944. On the left side the smoke is clearly visible. It comes from burning pits located near crematory V, where Germans burned bodies of murdered Jews. (Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum Archives)

Auschwitz II-Birkenau in summer of On the left side the smoke is clearly visible. It comes from burning pits located near crematory V, where Germans burned bodies of murdered Jews.

Becalel-Tavji Erno Mandel (born on 21 February 1933) in Munkács, 1944 was deported to Auschwitz with his parents & five siblings in May 1944.

Becalel-Tavji Erno Mandel (born on 21 February in Munkács, 1944 was deported to Auschwitz with his parents & five siblings in May

On 25 February 1944 the Auschwitz commandant Arthur Liebehenschel informed that the chief of the Central Construction Office SS-Sturmbannführer Karl Bischoff had been awarded the War Merit Cross 1st Class with Swords for his constributions to victory through his work in construction.  The Birkenau camp, four crematories and gas chambers as well as hundreds other camp buildings were constructed under Bischoff's direction. In the picture: Karl Bischoff's staff (Bischoff: 4th from the right).

On 25 February 1944 the Auschwitz commandant Arthur Liebehenschel informed that the chief of the Central Construction Office SS-Sturmbannführer Karl Bischoff had been awarded the War Merit Cross 1st Class with Swords for his constributions to victory through his work in construction. The Birkenau camp, four crematories and gas chambers as well as hundreds other camp buildings were constructed under Bischoff's direction. In the picture: Karl Bischoff's staff (Bischoff: 4th from the right).

On March 18, 1944 at 11 am at Auschwitz camp Registry Office that usually prepared prisoners' death certificates, an Austrian mechanic Rudolf Friemel (camp no. 25173) married Margarita Ferrer who came to the camp for one day and night from Germany where she was a force laborer. She brought her son Edi with her. It was the only case of a prisoner getting a permission to get married in the camp.

On March 18, 1944 at 11 am at Auschwitz camp Registry Office that usually prepared prisoners' death certificates, an Austrian mechanic Rudolf Friemel (camp no. 25173) married Margarita Ferrer who came to the camp for one day and night from Germany where she was a force laborer. She brought her son Edi with her. It was the only case of a prisoner getting a permission to get married in the camp.

On March 18, 1944 at the Auschwitz camp Registry Office that usually prepared prisoners' death certificates, an Austrian mechanic Rudolf Friemel (camp no. 25173) married Margarita Ferrer who came to the camp for one day and night from Germany where she was a force laborer. She brought her son Edi with her. It was the only case of a prisoner getting a permission to get married in the camp. The picture was taken by a prisoner Wilhelm Brasse (Auschwitz Memorial Archive).

On March 18, 1944 at the Auschwitz camp Registry Office that usually prepared prisoners' death certificates, an Austrian mechanic Rudolf Friemel (camp no. 25173) married Margarita Ferrer who came to the camp for one day and night from Germany where she was a force laborer. She brought her son Edi with her. It was the only case of a prisoner getting a permission to get married in the camp. The picture was taken by a prisoner Wilhelm Brasse (Auschwitz Memorial Archive).

On February 26, 1943 the first transport of Sinti and Roma men, women and children from Germany arrived to Auschwitz. They were placed in an unfinished BIIe sector at Auschwitz II-Birkenau. The so-called Gypsy family camp known as the Zigeunerlager (Gypsy camp), which existed for 17 months, was set up. Of the approximately 23 thousand Sinti and Roma deported to Auschwitz, some 20 thousand died or were murdered in the gas chambers.

Ahead of the anniversary of the “Gypsy camp” liquidation at Auschwitz-Birkenau, OSCE/ODIHR Director calls for leaders to speak out against anti-Roma rhetoric, scapegoating

On 11 September 1942 the SS medical officer (Sanitätsdienstgrad - SDG) SS-Oberscharführer Josef Klehr killed the Dutch Jew Heiman Kohen (camp no. 52425) with a poker in the corridor of Block 20 of the prisoners' infirmary. He sent the body of the murdered man to the morgue in the cellar of Block 28. Finally, he ordered a death registration made out stating that Kohen died a natural death.  In the picture: the police mugshot of Josef Klehr from 1960s,

On 11 September 1942 the SS medical officer (Sanitätsdienstgrad - SDG) SS-Oberscharführer Josef Klehr killed the Dutch Jew Heiman Kohen (camp no. 52425) with a poker in the corridor of Block 20 of the prisoners' infirmary. He sent the body of the murdered man to the morgue in the cellar of Block 28. Finally, he ordered a death registration made out stating that Kohen died a natural death. In the picture: the police mugshot of Josef Klehr from 1960s,

On March 1, 1941 Reichsführer SS (SS Commander) Heinrich Himmler carried out his first inspection of Auschwitz. In the picture you can see Heinrich Himmler surrounded by SS men during his second visit to Auschwitz – in July 1942 – at the site of IG Farben industrial plant. Next to Himmler (left in the first row) you can see senior IG Farber engineer Maximilian Faust (in a hat) and Rudolf Hoess - the commandant of Auschwitz.

Picture taken during the visit of Heinrich Himmler in IG Farben factory in In the first row there are engineer Maximilian Faust and the Auschwitz commandant Rudolf Höss. Picture taken on July (Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum Archives)

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