Auschwitz - historical pictures

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On February 26, 1943 the first transport of Sinti and Roma men, women and children from Germany arrived to Auschwitz. They were placed in an unfinished BIIe sector at Auschwitz II-Birkenau. The so-called Gypsy family camp known as the Zigeunerlager (Gypsy camp), which existed for 17 months, was set up. Of the approximately 23 thousand Sinti and Roma deported to Auschwitz, some 20 thousand died or were murdered in the gas chambers.

On February 26, 1943 the first transport of Sinti and Roma men, women and children from Germany arrived to Auschwitz. They were placed in an unfinished BIIe sector at Auschwitz II-Birkenau. The so-called Gypsy family camp known as the Zigeunerlager (Gypsy camp), which existed for 17 months, was set up. Of the approximately 23 thousand Sinti and Roma deported to Auschwitz, some 20 thousand died or were murdered in the gas chambers.

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On March 1, 1941 Reichsführer SS (SS Commander) Heinrich Himmler carried out his first inspection of Auschwitz. In the picture you can see Heinrich Himmler surrounded by SS men during his second visit to Auschwitz – in July 1942 – at the site of IG Farben industrial plant. Next to Himmler (left in the first row) you can see senior IG Farber engineer Maximilian Faust (in a hat) and Rudolf Hoess - the commandant of Auschwitz.

On March 1, 1941 Reichsführer SS (SS Commander) Heinrich Himmler carried out his first inspection of Auschwitz. In the picture you can see Heinrich Himmler surrounded by SS men during his second visit to Auschwitz – in July 1942 – at the site of IG Farben industrial plant. Next to Himmler (left in the first row) you can see senior IG Farber engineer Maximilian Faust (in a hat) and Rudolf Hoess - the commandant of Auschwitz.

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On March 18, 1944 at the Auschwitz camp Registry Office that usually prepared prisoners' death certificates, an Austrian mechanic Rudolf Friemel (camp no. 25173) married Margarita Ferrer who came to the camp for one day and night from Germany where she was a force laborer. She brought her son Edi with her. It was the only case of a prisoner getting a permission to get married in the camp. The picture was taken by a prisoner Wilhelm Brasse (Auschwitz Memorial Archive).

On March 18, 1944 at the Auschwitz camp Registry Office that usually prepared prisoners' death certificates, an Austrian mechanic Rudolf Friemel (camp no. 25173) married Margarita Ferrer who came to the camp for one day and night from Germany where she was a force laborer. She brought her son Edi with her. It was the only case of a prisoner getting a permission to get married in the camp. The picture was taken by a prisoner Wilhelm Brasse (Auschwitz Memorial Archive).

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Auschwitz II-Birkenau 1944. Hungarian Jewish women selected as able bodied at the BIIc sector of the camp. B&W original and colour interpretation by https://twitter.com/ColoredHistory

Auschwitz II-Birkenau 1944. Hungarian Jewish women selected as able bodied at the BIIc sector of the camp. B&W original and colour interpretation by https://twitter.com/ColoredHistory

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Inside a wooden barrack in Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp. Liberated female prisoners. The image comes from the film documentation made by Soviet army.

Inside a wooden barrack in Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp. Liberated female prisoners. The image comes from the film documentation made by Soviet army.

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Auschwitz II-Birkenau in summer of 1944. On the left side the smoke is clearly visible. It comes from burning pits located near crematory V, where Germans burned bodies of murdered Jews. (Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum Archives)

Auschwitz II-Birkenau in summer of 1944. On the left side the smoke is clearly visible. It comes from burning pits located near crematory V, where Germans burned bodies of murdered Jews. (Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum Archives)

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On 25 February 1944 the Auschwitz commandant Arthur Liebehenschel informed that the chief of the Central Construction Office SS-Sturmbannführer Karl Bischoff had been awarded the War Merit Cross 1st Class with Swords for his constributions to victory through his work in construction.  The Birkenau camp, four crematories and gas chambers as well as hundreds other camp buildings were constructed under Bischoff's direction. In the picture: Karl Bischoff's staff (Bischoff: 4th from the right).

On 25 February 1944 the Auschwitz commandant Arthur Liebehenschel informed that the chief of the Central Construction Office SS-Sturmbannführer Karl Bischoff had been awarded the War Merit Cross 1st Class with Swords for his constributions to victory through his work in construction. The Birkenau camp, four crematories and gas chambers as well as hundreds other camp buildings were constructed under Bischoff's direction. In the picture: Karl Bischoff's staff (Bischoff: 4th from the right).

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Portraits of some child inmates of Auschwitz... In this picture you have three Polish and one Russian child. All of them have red triangles - political prisoners. The names (from the top): Wacław Bobrowski (survived), Czesława Kwoka (died in the camp), Ivan Rebalka (died in the camp), Krystyna Trześniewska (died in the camp)

Portraits of some child inmates of Auschwitz... In this picture you have three Polish and one Russian child. All of them have red triangles - political prisoners. The names (from the top): Wacław Bobrowski (survived), Czesława Kwoka (died in the camp), Ivan Rebalka (died in the camp), Krystyna Trześniewska (died in the camp)

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On 23/2/43 39 prisoners, boys 13 to 17 years old, were brought from Auschwitz II-Birkenau to Block 20 in the main camp. The boys were moved to the main camp on the pretext that they should participate in a nursing course. In the evening on that day they were all murdered with phenol injections into heart. The injections were made by SS-Unterscharführer (SS Corporal) Herbert Scherpe. In the picture: a syringe used to phenol injections.

On 23/2/43 39 prisoners, boys 13 to 17 years old, were brought from Auschwitz II-Birkenau to Block 20 in the main camp. The boys were moved to the main camp on the pretext that they should participate in a nursing course. In the evening on that day they were all murdered with phenol injections into heart. The injections were made by SS-Unterscharführer (SS Corporal) Herbert Scherpe. In the picture: a syringe used to phenol injections.

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Plan of the Auschwitz concentration camp from March 11, 1941. (Auschwitz Memorial Archive)

Plan of the Auschwitz concentration camp from March 11, 1941. (Auschwitz Memorial Archive)

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