Shoes with long toes began to be worn in Europe in the 12th century. The longest points were no more than half again the length of foot, often reaching no more than 2 inches beyond the longest toe. In mid-14th century the style was "re-discovered" by merchants in the Baltic, called the "Poland fashion", or Poulaine style. Poulaine, was the long pointed beak of the shoe. The shoe was referred to as a Crakow. The term "poulaine" appears in English by 1464. Crakow appears by c1367.