Poland, 1939: Portrait of an old Jewish man obtained from cropping a larger group photo. With the occupation of Poland, the Germans became "custodians" of 2.5 million of largely poor Jews -- i.e. the type Nazi Jewish "experts" identified as the "lowest quality" of such "pests." In the ensuing 3 and 1/2 years, the Holocaust consumed the Polish Jewish population almost to the last.
“Byale (Biała Podlaska, Lublin province), 1926. Father and son. To protect himself from the Evil One, Leyzer Bawół, the blacksmith, will not say how old he is, but he must be over one hundred. Now his son does the smithing and the old man has become a doctor. He sets broken arms and legs.” Photo by Alter Kacyzne.