Countess Karolina Lanckorońska (1898-2002) was a Polish World War II resistance fighter, historian and art historian. As member of Polish resistance she was arrested, interrogated, tortured, tried and sentenced to death at Stanisławów prison. Thanks to her family connections, she wasn't executed but was instead sent to the Ravensbrück concentration camp. Immediately after release in 1945, she wrote her war memoirs. Source: Wikipedia.